This announcement might upset some apple carts.
Actually, the idea that some of the early settlers of North America might have come from Europe as well as Asia has been kicking around for a while.
Now the claim is made that based on analyses of stone tools, they were first.
The similarity between other later east coast US and European Stone Age stone tool technologies has been noted before. But all the US European-style tools, unearthed before the discovery or dating of the recently found or dated US east coast sites, were from around 15,000 years ago – long after Stone Age Europeans (the Solutrean cultures of France and Iberia) had ceased making such artefacts. Most archaeologists had therefore rejected any possibility of a connection. But the newly-discovered and recently-dated early Maryland and other US east coast Stone Age tools are from between 26,000 and 19,000 years ago – and are therefore contemporary with the virtually identical western European material.
What’s more, chemical analysis carried out last year on a European-style stone knife found in Virginia back in 1971 revealed that it was made of French-originating flint.
An archaeologist whom I know adds, “I’ve met [Stanford and Bradley] both, they are not crackpots.”
Based on what I understand about DNA evidence, however, the bulk of the people who first settled the Americas must still have come from Asia. After all, they could have walked across the tundra on the Ice Age land bridge between Siberia and Alaska. Hence:
As a result of these [geographical and travel] factors the Solutrean (European originating) Native Americans were either partly absorbed by the newcomers or were substantially obliterated by them either physically or through competition for resources.